What is the EIDL Loan

Way back in March, when the COVID crisis hit, the SBA made EIDL loans available to small businesses injured by the shutdown.  The SBA expected to offer these loans through December 31, 2020, but closed the loan program within about three weeks because there was too much demand.

Since then, the SBA has been working through the backlog and is making some progress.  If you applied for the loan and received a tracking number, the SBA will likely get to your application soon if they have not already.

There is some confusion about the loan and the advance grant, so here is what we know. 

The two parts to the EIDL, the advance and the loan, and their implementation

There are two pieces to the EIDL the Advance, a $10,000 quick deposit, and the loan of up to $2 million.   

(NOTE: the EIDL ADVANCE is no longer available, this program ended July 11, 2020).

Initially, the Advance was for $10,000, paid within 36 hours.  In reality, distributing the Advance took much longer – weeks in most cases – and the amount depended on employees.  Instead of paying a flat $10,000, the SBA paid out $1,000 per employee, with owners counting as employees. 

If you applied for the EIDL you likely checked the box requesting the advance, since the advance payment was automatic, you may have received this already.

Note that the advance is a grant, but also affects the PPP

The advance amount you receive is a grant – you do not need to pay this part back.  However, you will subtract the Advance amount from any part of the PPP loan that is forgiven. 

Example: if you receive an advance of $5,000 and are eligible for $25,000 in PPP forgiveness, you will subtract the $5,000 from the $25,000 and end up with $20,000 forgiven from the PPP program.

The second part of the EIDL is the loan

After depositing the Advance, the SBA works on your loan.  Rather than negotiate a loan of up to $2 million, per the original documentation, the SBA has made take it or leave it offers for up to $150,000. 

You will receive an email telling you how much you qualify for; you can agree to the amount, verify your details, and then submit your application.  After another review cycle (which takes from hours to days), you will sign the loan papers and receive the loan. 

What are the terms of the loan

From what we have seen and understand the terms are all the same:

  • 3.75% interest
  • 30 years to repay
  • No prepayment penalties
  • Interest begins to accrue immediately but payments are deferred 12 months.
  • This is not a credit line, the full amount will be deposited in your account and will start to accrue interest immediately.

Show the SBA EIDL loan term sheet

Download a redacted copy of the EIDL term sheet

We can’t guarantee that your terms will be the same, but you can download this to familiarize yourself with the language and possible terms.

What can the loan be used for

According to the terms we have seen the acceptable use of this loan is:

“Borrower will use all the proceeds of this Loan solely as working capital to alleviate economic injury caused by disaster occurring in the month of January 31, 2020 and continuing thereafter …”

SBA Loan Signing Document

The exact definition of “working capital” depends.  Specifically, some definitions include payroll, some do not.  The SBA is not clear. 

There are some restrictions on the loan: you cannot use it to relocate and there are some explicit instructions on using it for lobbying. 

The SBA requires that you document how you use the funds.  They may never check this documentation but you should keep a record and be ready to document that you used the funds for what you believe to be legitimate working capital expenses. 

What about collateral, do they want anything

For loans under $25,000 there is no collateral required. 

For loans OVER $25,000 the SBA requires that the borrower grant an interest in all assets owned by the borrower, the company.  Terms may differ, but what we have seen is (quoted from the term sheet):

“The Collateral in which this security interest is granted includes the following property that Borrower now owns or shall acquire or create immediately upon the acquisition or creation thereof: all tangible and intangible personal property, including, but not limited to: (a) inventory, (b) equipment, (c) instruments, including promissory notes (d) chattel paper, including tangible chattel paper and electronic chattel paper, (e) documents, (f) letter of credit rights, (g) accounts, including health-care insurance receivables and credit card receivables, (h) deposit accounts, (i) commercial tort claims, (j) general intangibles, including payment intangibles and software and (k) as-extracted collateral as such terms may from time to time be defined in the Uniform Commercial Code. The security interest Borrower grants includes all accessions, attachments, accessories, parts, supplies and replacements for the Collateral, all products, proceeds and collections thereof and all records and data relating thereto.”

SBA Loan Signing Document

The SBA further requires that you insure the collateral assets listed above and make them available for inspection. There is also a restriction against selling or obligating these assets in any way (except for inventory, which you can sell as a part of doing business).

Also keep in mind who the borrower is.  From what we have seen the SBA is NOT requiring a personal guarantee.  So, the obligation stops with the business. 

Read the agreement and be sure you are comfortable with the terms before you sign. 

Should I take the loan

The answer to this is a murky, “it depends.”

The covenants around the collateral are stringent. But, if you need this money to survive then, that may be acceptable. The terms are not bad, a 30-year loan at 3.75% is reasonable.

If you don’t need the money to survive, then think of it as an option.

Money in the bank will give you options in the future. If six months from now, you need to make a quick pivot or invest in some people or services to keep your business afloat – having some cash at your disposal can be crucial.

But this option does come with a cost. Interest will accrue from the time you receive the loan. If you hold the money in your bank account, this option will cost you that interest. A $150,000 loan will cost you between $5,500 and $6,000 in interest over the next year (the actual cost depends on your deposit interest rate, which is probably exceptionally low now).

If you have access to a line of credit with better terms, that may be a better option.

There is no one answer to whether this is a good option or not. Consider your situation, consider the terms, and make your decision based on what will help you keep your business going.

One ending thought

The goal right now must be to keep your business going. At some point in the future, clients, customers, and the economy will return. Your business goal is to be the one in business so that when they do return, they buy from you first. So, I think that when you weigh the value of the loan, you should do so within the context of where you want to be a year from now.

From there, decide whether the cost is worth it or not.

If you do take the loan and need to enter the loan information into Quickbooks, check out this post.

Also have you looked at the PPP loan? You can apply up until June 30, 2020

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